Alitalia is an Italian airline, which took over the name, the landing rights, many planes and some other assets from the liquidation process of the old Alitalia — Linee Aeree Italiane and the entire Air One. The company has its head office in Fiumicino, Italy. Its main hub is Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport, Rome.Alitalia is Italy"s biggest airline, and the world's 19th. The company has 3 subsidiaries, namely: Air One Smart Carrier, Alitalia CityLiner and Alitalia Express. Currently, CAI holds 75% and Air France-KLM 25% in the airline’s stake.
Alitalia is an Italian portmanteau of the words ali (wings), and Italia (Italy).
Alitalia or Linee Aeree Italiane was established on 16 September 1946 as Aerolinee Italiane Internazionali, more commonly known as Alitalia. It started operations in 1947. However, Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. went into liquidation in 2008, due to problems with pilots and crew members and labour difficulties. In 2008, a group of Italian entrepreneurs along with Intesa Sanpaolo, a major Italian bank, founded Compagnia Aerea Italiana with the aim of buying the trademark and some of the assets of the bankrupt Alitalia — Linee Aeree Italiane and to merge these with Air One, another Italian carrier. Only the Alitalia trademark would be kept for the merged company.
After the offer of €1,100 million to acquire parts of the bankrupt airline, Alitalia"s profitable assets were transferred to CAI on 12 December 2008 after CAI paid €1.052 billion for €625 million in Alitalia debt. The new flag airline started operations on 13th Jan 2009. On that day, Air One and Alitalia began the process of merging their networks, their fleets and their whole administrative and commercial structure.
The owners of Compagnia Aerea Italiana sold 25% of the company"s shares to Air France-KLM for €322 million. Air France-KLM also obtained an option, subject to certain conditions, to purchase additional shares after 2013.
On 11 February 2010, Alitalia announced that, starting from the summer season, it would be using Air One as a "low-fare" airline, with operations based in Milan Malpensa Airport, focused on short-haul leisure routes. On 12 February 2011, information was released about a possible merger between Alitalia and Meridiana Fly, another Italian carrier, through a share swap.
Alitalia, including flights operated by its subsidiary Air One Smart Carrier, serves 90 destinations; 28 domestic and 62 international, in 41 countries across: North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and Oceania.
The current fleet of Alitalia consists of 155 aircrafts, including: 17 Airbus A319-100, 58 Airbus A320-200, 23 Airbus A321-100, 7 Airbus A330-200, 5 Boeing 767-300ER, 10 Boeing 777-200ER, 10 Bombardier CRJ900ER, 3 Embraer E-170LR, 2 Embraer E-175LR, 2 Embraer E-190LR and 18 McDonnell Douglas MD-82.